What are the types of embroidery stitches?
There are many different embroidery stitches, and even the most basic of stitches can have many different variations. Because of how long the list would be, I’m going to include the embroidery stitches that are most commonly used. This post will separate them into a few groups based on their general purpose, but you can still use stitches in one group for another purpose (for example, using a commonly used outline stitch to fill in an area).
Embroidery Fill Stitches
Embroidery fill stitches are generally used to fill or shade large areas.
- Satin stitch
- Short and long stitch
- Basket-Weave Stitch
Straight stitches made beside one another, typically used to fill in an area or shape with solid color.
Short and Long Stitch
This stitch is usually used to blend colors together, used commonly in thread painting. A series of short and long stitches are used to combine two or more colors together. This is best done with a gradient of colors, dark to light, or light to dark.
Basket Weave Stitch
You can use a basket weave stitch to fill in an area that you want to have more texture. Parallel stitches are made. Then, stitches are made perpendicular to the first stitches and woven under, over, under, etc. The applie pie in the photo above uses a series of basket weave stitches for the crust of the pie.
Embroidery Outline Stitches
Outline or line stitches are normally used for letters, borders, or to outline a shape. They can be thin and smooth or have a chain or rope-like appearance. They are easy to stitch on straight, continuous lines or around curves.
- Back Stitch
- Split Stitch
- Chain Stitch
- Stem Stitch
Start with a straight stitch. Come up where your first stitch ends. Come up a space ahead, then stitch backwards where your previous stitch ended.
Start with a straight stitch. Come up through the stitch you just made, and make another straight stitch. Continue making stitches, splitting the thread as you go along.
Bring the thread through the fabric and then back down the same hole Pull partially through until a loop forms. Bring your needle through in the loop and pull snug. Continue making a chain.
Come up through the back of the fabric and take a stitch with your needle, coming up about halfway between the first stitch. Pull through, and repeat.
Decorative or Detached Stitches
These stitches can be used for decorations such as flowers or leaves. They easily imitate floral shapes or the veins in a leaf.
- Fishbone Stitch
- Fly Stitch
- Detached Chain Stitch or “Lazy Daisy Stitch”
- Pinwheel Roses
Make a straight stitch. Bring thread to the side of the initial stitch. Bring needle down to the opposite side of the straight stitch. Alternate sides all the way down leaf shape.
Make one straight stitch. Come up to the left of the initial stitch. Go down to the right of the initial stitch and grab hold of loop. Bring needle up at the base of the straight stitch and then back down below loop.
This stitch, also known as a detached chain stitch, is exactly like a chain stitch, except you are only making one chain. You can learn more about it with this lazy daisy flower tutorial.
Make 6 straight stitches around a circle, forming a “star”. Come up through the right of the center point. Weave your thread under and over the 5 points until circle is completely full.
Embroidery knots add texture and can help to fill in an area such as the center of a flower. However the bullion knot and the cast on stitch are both great to make roses with.
- French Knot
- Bullion Knot
- Cast-On Stitch
Bring thread through the back of the fabric. Take the thread in non-working hand and twist thread around needle 2-3 times. Bring needle down through the initial spot you came up through and pull tight.
- Come up through the back of the fabric and take the needle a few cm down from the first stitch and come back up through the same hole the thread is coming through.
- Take your thread and twist around the needle 6-7 stitches.
- Place your thumb over the stitches to keep them secure and pull your needle all the way through.
- Secure the stitches at the bottom of the knot.
- Pull your thread through the back of the fabric and pierce halfway through with your needle below the first stitch. Come back out where the thread is coming out of the fabric.
- Make loops with your working thread and pull the tight on the tip of the needle. Make 5 or 6, depending on how much space you left between the needle and thread.
- Pull your needle and thread through the stitches you made and then secure your thread by going down through the base of the cast on stitch you made.
Read a more detailed version of how to use these stitches to embroider roses.
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